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Showing posts with label General Knowledge. Show all posts
Showing posts with label General Knowledge. Show all posts

Saturday, February 13, 2016

General Knowledge Quiz-4

1) What is the longest river in the World? (River Nile)

2) Write the number 128 in Roman Numerals. (CXXVIII)

3) This year the Olympics are being held in London, the last Olympics were held in Beijing and the ones before that were held in Athens, what year were the Olympics held in Athens? (2004)

4) Where does the British Prime Minister live? (10 Downing Street)

5) How many days did it take Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong to reach the Moon after Apollo 11 had left the Earth’s orbit? (4 days)

6) What is the name of Shrek’s wife? (Princess Fiona)

7) How many sides does a dodecagon have? (12)

8) Which planet is known as the Red Planet? (Jupiter)

9) What is the object hit in a hockey or ice hockey game called? (puck)

10) What is the capital city of Spain? (Madrid)

11) Which river goes through Liverpool? (River Mersey)

12) What colour jersey is worn by the leader of the Tour de France? (yellow)

General Knowledge Quiz

1.     Who won the X Factor 2010? (Matt Cardle)
2.     In tennis, what is it called when both players have 40 points? (deuce)
3.     What is the capital city of Austria? (Vienna)
4.     Which band are Marvin, Oritsé, Aston and JB in? (JLS)
5.     Who plays football at Pride Park? (Derby County)
6.     What is the Royal title of Prince William and Catherine Middleton? (Duke and Duchess of Cambridge)
7.     Who has just had a baby called Harper Seven? (David & Victoria Beckham)
8.     What sport does Phil ‘the Power’ Taylor play? (darts)
9.     Which is the closest planet to the Sun? (Mercury)
10.  What are GHD’s? (hair straightners)
11.  Name three Premiership football teams whose name begins with a ‘W’? (Wigan, West Brom, Wolves)
12.  Which city would you be in if you could see the Colosseum? (Rome)
13.  Which type of shoe is also something to do with a train station? (platform)
14.  What colour t-shirt does the leader of the Tour de France have to wear? (yellow)
15.  What country would you be in if you were in the city Bucharest? (Romania)
16.  What is Daniel Radcliffe famous for? (he plays Harry Potter in the films)
17.  Who is the manager of the English football team? (Fabio Capello)
18.  What do you call a baby elephant? (calf)
19.  Which English city does Cheryl Cole come from? (Newcastle)
20.  What sport would you be watching if you were at the Oval? (cricket)
21.  What is the name of the Prime Minister? (David Cameron)
22.  Name three members of Take That. (Robbie Williams, Howard Donald, Mark Owen, Jason Orange, Gary Barlow)
23.  Which country won the Lady’s World Cup Final on Sunday? (Japan)
24.  What three colours are on the Icelandic flag? (red, white and blue)
25.  Who wore a dress made of meat to an awards ceremony? (Lady Gaga)
26.  What football team does Lionel Messi play for? (FC Barcelona)
27.  If you were travelling by Eurostar what type of transport would you be using? (train)
28.  Who sang ‘Never Say Never’? (Justin Bieber)
29.  What sport is Fernando Alonso famous for? (F1)
30.  How many stars are on the American flag? (50)

General Knowledge Quiz

1. Which side of your plate should the fork be placed on if you are right-handed? (left)
2. What do we call a sheet of ice that moves very slowly down a mountain? (a glacier)
3. Which two countries compete in the Ashes? (England & Australia)
4. How many children does the Queen have? (four)
5. What is a young wolf called? (cub)
6. Who wrote “To be or not to be, that is the question”? (William Shakespeare)
7. What types of creatures live in schools and shoals? (whales)
8. What is the outside of a cricket ball made from? (leather)
9. Would you expect to find Eskimos in the north or south pole? (north)
10. Who has the most bones, an adult or a young child? (young child)
11. How many people should be on the field during a football match? (23)
12. What will the day after tomorrow be if yesterday was Monday? (Thursday)
13. What present is given on The Third Day of Christmas according to the song? (French hens)
14. Do fish and insects close their eyes to go to sleep? (no)
15. What did the Ancient Romans call the carts that were pulled by horses in races? (chariots)
16. How many neck bones does a giraffe have if a human has seven? (seven)
17. What happened in the summer of 1976, it snowed, the Thames dried up or there was a severe earthquake? (The Thames dried up)
18. Which queen rules England for 64 years? (Victoria)
19. What did Alexander Graham Bell invent that is in almost every home? (telephone)
20. What season is it in America when it is summer in Britain? (summer)
21. What do the spots on opposite sides of a dice always add up to? (seven)
22. How many different events must a competitor in the decathlon take part in? (10)
23. Are dolphins vegetarians? (no)
24. What colour flag should people wave if they wish to stop fighting in a battle? (white)
25. Which has ten arms, an octopus, a squid or an ant? (squid)
26. Which seems to come first, thunder or lightning? (lightning)
27. What kind of creature is a cabbage white? (butterfly)
28. What is somebody’s job if they have a green flashing light on the roof of their car? (doctor)
29. Who was the tallest of Robin Hood’s Merry Men? (Little John)
30. Which famous duck will be eighty years old in 2014? (Donald Duck)

General Knowledge Quiz

1. A cockroach will live nine days without its head, before it starves to death.
2. A crocodile cannot stick its tongue out.
3. A pig's orgasm lasts for 30 minutes.
4. A snail can sleep for three years.
5. All Polar bears are left-handed.
6. American Airlines saved $40,000 in 1987 by eliminating one olive from each salad served in first-class.
7. Americans on average eat 18 acres of pizza every day.
8. An ostrich's eye is bigger than its brain.
9. Babies are born without knee caps. They don't appear until the child reaches 2 to 6 years of age.
10. Banging your head against a wall uses 150 calories an hour.
11. Butterflies taste with their feet.
12. Cats have over one hundred vocal sounds, dogs only have about ten.
13. Cat's urine glows under a black light.
14. China has more English speakers than the United States.
15. Donald Duck comics were banned in Finland because he doesn't wear pants.
16. Dueling is legal in Paraguay as long as both parties are registered blood donors.
17. Elephants are the only animals that can't jump.
18. Every time you lick a stamp, you're consuming 1/10 of a calorie.
19. February 1865 is the only month in recorded history not to have a full moon.
21. I am. is the shortest complete sentence in the English language
22. If Barbie were life-size, her measurements would be 39-23-33. She would stand seven feet, two inches tall and have a neck twice the length of a normal human's neck.
23. If the population of China walked past you in single file, the line would never end because of the rate of reproduction.
24. If you fart consistently for 6 years and 9 months, enough gas is produced to create the energy of an atomic bomb.
25. If you keep a goldfish in a dark room, it will eventually turn white.
26. If you yelled for 8 years, 7 months and 6 days, you would have produced enough sound energy to heat one cup of coffee.
27. In ancient Egypt, priests plucked EVERY hair from their bodies, including their eyebrows and eyelashes.
28. In the last 4000 years, no new animals have been domesticated.
29. It's impossible to sneeze with your eyes open.
30. Leonardo Da Vinci invented the scissors.
31. Marilyn Monroe had six toes.
32. Michael Jordan makes more money from Nike annually than all of the Nike factory workers in Malaysia combined.
33. More people are killed by donkeys annually than are killed in plane crashes.
34. No word in the English language rhymes with month.
35. Nutmeg is extremely poisonous if injected intravenously.
36. On average, people fear spiders more than they do death.
37. One of the reasons marijuana is illegal today is because cotton growers in the '30s lobbied against hemp farmers, they saw it as competition.
38. Only one person in two billion will live to be 116 or older.
40. Our eyes are always the same size from birth, but our nose and ears never stop growing.
41. Right-handed people live, on average, nine years longer than left-handed people do.
42. Shakespeare invented the word "assassination" and "bump."
43. Some lions mate over 50 times a day.
44. Starfish haven't got brains.
45. Stewardesses is the longest word typed with only the left hand.
46. The ant always falls over on its right side when intoxicated.
47. The average human eats eight spiders in their lifetime at night.
48. The catfish has over 27,000 taste buds.
49. The cruise liner, Queen Elizabeth 2, moves only six inches for each gallon of diesel that it burns.
50. The electric chair was invented by a dentist.
51. The human heart creates enough pressure when it pumps out to the body to squirt blood 30 feet.
52. The male praying mantis cannot copulate while its head is attached to its body. The female initiates sex by ripping the male's head off.
53. The most common name in the world is Mohammed.
54. The name of all the continents end with the same letter that they start with.
55. The name Wendy was made up for the book "Peter Pan."
56. The Pentagon, in Arlington, Virginia, has twice as many bathrooms as is necessary. When it was built in the 1940s, the state of Virginia still had segregation laws requiring separate toilet facilities for blacks and whites.
57. The sentence, "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog" uses every letter in the English language.
58. The shortest war in history was between Zanzibar and England in 1896. Zanzibar surrendered after 38 minutes.
59. The strongest muscle in the body is the tongue.
60. The word "lethologica" describes the state of not being able to remember the word you want.
61. The word racecar and kayak are the same whether they are read left to right or right to left.
62. There are two credit cards for every person in the United States.
63. TYPEWRITER is the longest word that can be made using the letters on only one row of the keyboard.
64. Women blink nearly twice as much as men.
65. You are more likely to be killed by a Champagne cork than by a poisonous spider.
66. You can't kill yourself by holding your breath.
67. You share your birthday with at least nine million other people in the world 

Friday, April 5, 2013

Which one of the following grows under the tree?

Q. Which one of the following grows under the tree?
  1 Cabbage
  2 Bengal gram
  3 Peanuts
  4 Castor

Q. Biological fixation of nitrogen occurs most commonly in which of the following crops?
  1 Pulses
  2 Rice
  3 Wheat
  4 None of these

Q. Which disease is more common among agricultural workers as compared to urban population?
  1 Lung's disease
  2 Cirrhosis of liver
  3 Hookworm infection
  4 Cancer

Q. Which of the following is not a 'Free Trade Zone'?
  1 Kandla
  2 Mumbai
  3 Visakhapatnam
  4 Trivandrum

Q. In India, Plan holiday was after
  1 China-India war of 1962
  2 Drought of 1966
  3 Pakistan war of 1971
  4 Pakistan war of 1965

Q. The shompens are the tribal people of
  1 Andaman
  2 Nicobar
  3 Lakshadweep
  4 None of these

Q. FIFA is an organization working in the field of
  1 Banking
  2 Textiles
  3 Power Generation
  4 Sports

Q. Which of the following is the currency of Spain?
  1 Dollar
  2 Pound
  3 Yen
  4 Euro

Q. Which of the following is a very well known name in the field of Banking in India?
  1 Ms. Meira Kumar
  2 Ms. Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw
  3 Mr. Arum Jaitley
  4 Dr. D. Subbarao

Q. Olympic Games are organised after a gap of every
  1 two years
  2 three years
  3 four years
  4 five years

Who amongst the following is not a Padma Award winner given in 2009?

Q. As per the news in all major newspapers, the African National Congress (ANC) got an overwhelming victory in the general elections held recently in
  1 Ghana
  2 Uganda
  3 South Africa
  4 Kenya
Q. Who amongst the following is not a Padma Award winner given in 2009?
  1 Mr. Sundarlal Bahuguna
  2 Mr. Abhinav Bindra
  3 Ms. Aruna Sairam
  4 Mr. Manoj Kumar
Q. The Government of India recently decided to finalise a big defence deal of Rs. 45000 crore for which finally five contenders are shortlisted. This deal is to purchase
  1 Fighter jets
  2 Radar system
  3 Battle tanks
  4 Warships
Q. India and Russia recently signed an agreement so that India can get a supply of Uranium fuel from Russia. Uranium is used in which of the following sectors?
  1 Pharma Sector
  2 Transport Sector
  3 Telecom Sector
  4 Energy Sector
Q. Which of the following States is amongst the top five power selling States in India?
  1 Meghalaya
  2 Chhattisgarh
  3 Maharashtra
  4 Kerala
Q. As per the reports the Indo-Pak Trade reached at about which of the following levels during 200809? About
  1 Rs. 200 crores
  2 Rs. 300 crores
  3 Rs. 400 crores
  4 Rs. 500 crores
Q. Which of the following countries wanted to come back again as an active member of the Organisation of American States after its expulsion from there several years back? (The summit of the same was organized in April 2009)
  1 Cuba
  2 Brazil
  3 Argentina
  4 Thrkey
Q. India recently finalised its National Solar Mission. The mission envisages an installed solar energy generation capacity of about-
  1 5000 MW (by 2030)
  2 100000 MW (by 2030)
  3 15000 MW (by 2030)
  4 20000 MW (by 2030)
Q. Who amongst the following is the winner of the prestigious "Dadasaheb Phalke Award" given in April 2009?
  1 Manoj Kumar
  2 Rajesh Khanna
  3 Amitabh Bachchan
  4 Jaya Bachchan
Q. Who amongst the following is the author of the book (released recently) "India and Global Financial Crisis: Managing Money and Finance"
  1 Dr. Bimal Jalan
  2 Dr. C. Rangarajan
  3 Mr. Pranab Mukherjee
  4 Dr. Y. V. Reddy

Wednesday, April 3, 2013

'A' & 'B' are two fixed points in a field. A cyclist 'C' moves such that

Q. 'A' & 'B' are two fixed points in a field. A cyclist 'C' moves such that
  1 The path followed by the cyclist is an ellipse
  2 The path followed by the cyclist is a circle
  3 The path followed by the clyclist is an exponencial curve
  4 This type of motion is not possible

Q. Which one of the following schedules of the Indian Constitution lists the names of states and specifies their territories?
  1 First
  2 Second
  3 Third
  4 Fourth

Q. In the FIFA World Cup Football event in the year 2002, the number of goals scored by Ronaldo of Brazil was
  1 6
  2 7
  3 8
  4 9

Q. When Congress leaders condemned the Montagu Chelmsford Report, many moderates left party to form the
  1 Swarajya Party
  2 Indian Freedom Party
  3 Independence Federation of India
  4 Indian Liberal Federation

Q. An important aspect of the Cripps Mission of 1942 was
  1 that all Indian States should join the Indian Union as a condition to consider any degree of autonomy for India
  2 the creation of an Indian Union with Dominion status very soon after the Second World War
  3 the active participation and cooperation of the Indian people, communities and political parties in the British war effort as a condition for granting independence with full sovereign status to India after war.
  4 the framing of a constitution for the entire Indian Union, with no separate constitution to be accep

Q. With reference to colonial rule in India, what was sought by the Ilbert Bill in 1883
  1 To bring Indians and Europeans on par as far as the criminal jurisdiction of courts was concerned
  2 To impose severe restrictions on the freedom of the native press as it was perceived to be hostile to colonial rulers
  3 To encourage the native Indians to appear for civil service examinations by conducting them in India
  4 To allow native Indians to possess arms by amending the Arms act

Q. What was the main reason for a great civil strife in Argentina in 2002-03?
  1 Ethnic conflict between the native Red Indian tribes and others
  2 Economic crisis due to huge public debt
  3 The issue of using native languages as medium of instruction in schools
  4 Clashes between goverment troops and secessionist groups

Q. Sandeep Pandey, the winner of Raman Magsaysay Award, is mainly an activist in 
  1 prevention of child marriages
  2 promotion of communal harmony
  3 environmental protection
  4 education and livelihood projects for Dalits

Q. Total time taken by a person in going to a place by walking and returning on cycle is 5 hours 45 minutes. He would have gained 2 hours by cycling both ways. The time taken by him to walk both ways is
  1 6 hours 45 minutes
  2 7 hours 45 minutes
  3 8 hours 15 minutes
  4 8 hours 30 minutes

Q. Which among the following countries was the earliest to give women the right to vote?
  1 Iceland
  2 India
  3 New Zealand
  4 USA

Monday, April 1, 2013

What is Value Added Tax (VAT)

Q. What is Value Added Tax (VAT)
  1 A simple, transparent, easy to pay tax imposed on consumers
  2 A new initiative taken by the government to increase the tax-burden of high income groups
  3 A single tax that replaces state taxes like, surcharge turnover tax and sales tax, etc.
  4 A new tax to be imposed on the producers of capital goods

Q. The difference between visible exports and visible imports is defined as—
  1 Balance of trade
  2 Balance of payment
  3 Balanced terms of trade
  4 Coins from trade

Q. Given the money wages, if the price level in an economy increases, then the real wages will—
  1 Increase
  2 Decrease
  3 Remain constant
  4 Become flexible

Q. The World Trade Organisation (WTO) was earlier known as—
  1 GATT
  4 FAO

Q. A firm is in equilibrium when its—
  1 Marginal cost equals the marginal revenue
  2 Total cost is minimum
  3 Total revenue is maximum
  4 Average revenue and marginal revenue are equal

Q. In the law of demand, the statement ‘other things remain constant’ means—
  1 Income of consumer should not change
  2 Prices of other goods should not change
  3 Taste of consumer should not change
  4 All of the above

Q. Special Economic Zones are being set up in—
  1 Agra, Kanpur and Modinagar
  2 Agra, Kanpur and Greater Noida
  3 Meerut, Moradabad, Kanpur and Noida
  4 Moradabad, Kanpur, Noida and Greater Noida

Q. Select the one which is not the responsibility of Gram Sabha under the Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005
  1 To recommend projects to the Gram Panchayat and prepare list of possible works
  2 To receive applications for work and issue a dated receipt
  3 To monitor the execution of works within the Gram Panchayat
  4 To conduct regular social audits of all the projects taken up with in the Gram Panchayat

Q. A labour intensive industry is one that—
  1 Requires hard manual labour
  2 Pays adequate wages to the labour
  3 Employs more hands
  4 Provides facilities to labour

Q. Invisible export means export of—
  1 Services
  2 Prohibited goods
  3 Unrecorded goods
  4 Goods through smuggling

Friday, March 15, 2013

Which of the following is necessary for seed formation in angiosperm?

1. The fully formed male gametophyte of angiosperms contains
(A) one generative cell, one tube cell and one body cell.
(B) one generative cell, one tube cell and one stalk cell.
(C) one tube nucleus, one vegetative cell and one generative cell.
(D) one vegetative nucleus, and two male gametes.
Ans: (d)

2. Which of the following involves comparatively greater wastage of pollen?
(A) Chiropterophily.
(B) Anemophily.
(C) Entomophily.
(D) Ornithophily.
Ans: (B)

3. If the endosperm cells of an angiosperm seed sre pentaploid, then such a seed may have been formed by which of the following parents?
(A) Triploid female and diploid male.
(B) Diploid male and tetraploid female.
(C) Both parents tetraploid.
(D) Triploid male and diploid female.
Ans: (b)

4. The nucellus in the ovule is often called
(A) megagametophyte.
(B) megasporangium.
(C) megasporophyte.
(D) female sporogenous tissue.
Ans: (B)

5. Asexual reproduction differs from sexual reproduction as
(A) it does not involve genetic recombination
(B) it does not involve meiosis and gametic unio
(C) it produces clone
(D) all of these
Ans: (D)

6. The continued existence of any race can be basically attributed to the
(A) reprodution
(B) domestication
(C) conservation
(D) None of these
Ans: (a)

7. Which of the following is not concerning pollination?
(A) Syngamy
(B) Autogamy
(C) Allogamy
(D) Geitonogamy
Ans (a)

8. In angiosperms, meiosis occurs at the time of
(A) formation of gametes
(B) Change over generation from sporophyte to gametophyte
(C) formation of ovules
(D) formation of anthers
Ans: (b)

9. The point of attachment of the cotyledons on the tigellum is
(A) above the hypocotyl
(B) below the epicotyl
(C) called first node
(D) as stated in each of these
Ans: (d)

10. After fertilization synergids and antipodal cells form____.
(A) Oospore
(B) Endosperm
(C) Embryo
(D) Degenerates
Ans (d)

11. The process of fusion of male gamete with the polar nuclei is known as _____.
(A) Fertilization
(B) Triple fusion
(C) Syngamy
(D) None
Ans: (b)

12. Palynology deals with study of
(B) Chromosomes
(C) Pollen grains
(D) Flowers
Ans: (c)

13. How many pollen mother cells should undergo meiotic division to produce 64 pollen grains?
(A) 64
(B) 32
(C) 16
(D) 8
Ans (c)

14. In a fully developed male gametophyte the number of nuclei is
(A) One
(B) Two
(C) Three
(D) Four
Ans (c)

15. The mature anther wall comprises an epidermis followed by a layer of radially elongated cells with fibrous bands of callose called endothelium whose function is
(A) Nutrition
(B) Protection
(C) Mechanical
(D) Dehiscence
Ans (d)

16. If an endosperm cell of an angiosperm contains 24 chromosomes, the number of chromosomes in each cell of the root will be
(A) 8
(B) 4
(C) 16
(D) 24
Ans (c)

17. Which of the following is necessary for seed formation in angiosperm?
(A) Ovule
(B) Pollination
(C) Double fertilization
(D) All the above
Ans (d)

18. Anthesis is
(A) Elongation of pollen tube is style
(B) Emergence of anthers from corolla tube
(C) Dehiscence of anthers
(D) The first opening of a flower
Ans (c)

19. Commonly in a mature fertilized ovule n, 2n and 3n condition is respectively found in
(A) Antipodals, synergids and integuments
(B) Egg, nucellus and endosperm
(C) Antipodals, zygote and endosperm
(D) Endosperm, nucellus and egg
Ans (c)

20. Karyogamy is
(A) Fusion of zoospores
(B) Fusion of cytoplasm
(C) Fusion of spores
(D) Fusion of gametic nuclei
Ans: (d)

Tuesday, January 11, 2011


Anderson—Discovered positive electrons.
Archimedes—Discovery of the Principles of lever and of specific gravity; invention of the famous Archimedean screw.
Avogadro—An Italian scientist known for Avogadro’s Hypothesis.
Bacquerel—Radio-activity of uranium.
Baron Napier—Logarithms.
Benjamin Franklin—Invented lightning conductor.
Bessemer—Steel smelting process.
Bhabha, Dr H.J.—Research in Cosmic rays and Quantum theory.
Binet—Intelligence Test.
Birbal Sahni—Researches in Botany.
Bose, J.C.—Invented Crescograph and published many works on plant physiology. He discovered that plants have sense and perception.
Bose, S.N.—Discovery of a group of nuclear particles named after him “Boson”.
Boyle—Boyle’s law; Pressure x volume = constant at a constant given temperature. Boyle was the greatest scientist of England in his time.
Bohr—Electron Theory—Atomic structure.
Braun, Dr Wernher von—space flying.
Bunsen—Invention of the spectroscope.
Carothers—Nylon plastics.
Cavendish—Discovery of chemical composition of water; discovery of hydrogen (Inflammable Air); ‘rare gases’.
Chadwick—Discovery of the neutron.
Chandrasekhar—Mathematical Astrophysics.
Charles Darwin—Theory of Evolution; Origin of Species.
Clarke, Arthur C.—Concept of Geostationary Orbit.
Curie, Madame—Discovery of radium.
Dalton—Atomic theory; laws of chemical combination; law of partial pressures; the law of multiple proportions.
Democritus—Greek philosopher—(Atomic theory).
Dewar—Invented cordite, liquid oxygen and introduced thermos flask.
Einstein—Theory of relativity.
Euclid—Science of geometry.
Fahrenheit—Fahrenheit mercury thermometric scale in which freezing point is –32° and boiling point is 212°.
Faraday—Electromagnetic induction and laws of electrolysis.
Fermi—Discovered artificial splitting of atoms.
Freud—Doctrine of Psycho-analysis.
Gay Lussac—Law of gases.
Gauss—System of absolute electric measurements.
Good Year—Discovered the art of vulcanising rubber.
Herschel, William—Discovered the Planet—Uranus.
Hertz—Electrical waves.
Hippalus—Founder of scientific astronomy.
Hoffmann—Discovered the first aniline dye.
Kelvin, Lord—Dynamical theory of heat.
Khorana, Dr Hargobind—Deciphering the genetic code.
Kodak—Film and photographic goods.
Lablanc—Manufacture of washing soda.
Lawrence—Invention of cyclotron.
Lockyer—Helium gas.
Louis Braille—Perfected his system of reading and writing for the blind.
Marconi—Wireless telegraphy; radio.
Maria-Montessori—‘Montessori’ method of teaching children.
Maxwell—Electro-magnetic Theory of Light.
Meghnad Saha—Effect of pressure on Radiation through bodies.
Mendel—Laws of heredity.
Mandeleev—Periodic Table.
Morse—Morse system of electric telegraphy.
Newton—Laws of gravitation; Law of Motion.
Oliver Lodge—Physicist. Researches in wireless communications.
Oppenheimer—Researches in atomic theory.
Otto Hahn—Discovery of uranium fission.
Parsons—Steam turbine.
Pavlov—Theory of Conditioned Reflex.
Perkin—‘Mauve dye’.
Pitman—Founded the Pitman system of phonographic shorthand.
Planck—Quantum theory.
Plimsoll—Introduced a line of demarcation on the ships beyond which the ships cannot be loaded.
Priestley—Discovery of Oxygen.
Raman, C.V.—“Raman Effect” on polarisation of light and theories on crystals and diamond formation.
Ramanathan—Molecular scattering of light in fluids.
Ramanujam—A great Indian mathematician.
Ramsay—Discovery of Inert gases such as Argon, Neon, Helium etc.
Ray, P.C.—Researches in chemistry.
Regnault—Experiments in regard to the physical properties of bodies and their relation to heat.
Roger Bacon—Gun powder.
Rontgen—Discovery of X-rays.
Rohmkorff—Induction coil.
Rutherford—Atomic Research; succeeded in splitting the atom for the first time in 1918.
Stephenson—British engineer and pioneer in Railways. He was the first to put a locomotive on the line that was able to draw a train of 31 carriages.
Thomson, J.J.—Discovered electron.
Travers—Discovery of Neon gas (Working with Ramsay).
Urey—Discovery of Heavy Hydrogen.
Volta—Current electricity and electric battery.
Pioneers in Mechanical Inventions and Discoveries
Austin—Motor Car.
Bell, Graham—Telephone.
Caxton—Printing Press.
Daimler—Gas engine.
Davy—Miner’s Safety Lamp.
Diesel—Internal Combustion engine (Diesel engine).
Dunlop—Pneumatic tyre.
Edison—First electric bulb and gramophone.
Fick—Law of Diffusion—Fick’s Law.
Frank Whittle—Jet propulsion.
Fulton—Stream boat.
Gillette—Safety razor.
Guttenburg—Art of Printing.
Hoe—Rotary Printing Press.
Howe—Sewing Machine.
Huygens—Pendulum clock.
James Watt—Steam engine (patented in 1769).
Landstrom, J.E.—Safety Matches.
Macmillan—Bicycle (1842).
Mauser—Magazine of rifle.
Mercator—Celestial and a terrestrial globe.
Montgolfier—Balloon (1883)
Pascal—Calculating Machine.
Puckle, James—Machine gun
Stephenson—Railway engine.
Swinton—Military tank.
Watt, Robert Watson—Radar.
W. & O. Wright (Wright Brothers)—Aeroplane (1903).
Waterman—Fountain pen.
Zeiss—Lenses; Camera.
Pioneers in
Medical Inventions and Discoveries
• Banting—Insulin (as a palliative for diabetes).
Barnard, Christian—Replacing the human heart.
Brahmchari, U.M.—Cure of Kala-a-zar fever.
Davy—Isolation of metals by electricity; studied properties of chlorine.
Domagk—Sulpha drugs as bactericides.
Eijkman—Cause of Beri-Beri.
Finsen—Discovered curative effect of ultra violet rays; photography.
Fleming, Alexander—Penicillin (in 1929).
Harvey—Circulation of blood.
Hahnemann—Homoeopathy (founder).
Hopkins, Frederick Gowland—Vitamin D.
Jenner—Smallpox Vaccination.
Koch—Tubercle Bacillus.
Lister, Lord—Antiseptic treatment.
Pasteur, Louis—Treatment of rabies; cure of hydrophobia.
Ronald Ross—Malaria Parasite.
Salk, Jonas E.—Anti-polio Vaccine.
Simpson and Harrison—Chloroform.


• Galileo was first to discover rotation of earth
• Kohler and Milstein discovered monoclonal antibodies.
• Photography was invented by Mathew Barry
• Albert Sabin invented Polio vaccine (oral)
• Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev (Russian) published his first version of periodic table in 1869.
• X-ray machine was invented by James Clark
• Arthur Campton discovered x-rays and Cosmic rays.
• Chadwick discovered Neutron
• Telescope was invented by Galileo
• Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming
• Noble gases discovered by Cavendish
• Gun powder was first invented in China
• Velocity of light was measured by Michelson
• Archimedes gave laws about Floatation of Bodies
• Balloon fly up in air according to Archimedes’s principle
• Dr. Christian Bernard was first to perform heart transplant in 1967 in cape town(SA)
• First man to receive artificial heart was Dr. Barney B. Clark
• Barometer was invented by Pascal
• Robert Hook discovered Cell in 1665
• Aspirin discovered by Dresser
• Atomic theory given by Dalton
• Atomic number given by Mosley
• Bacteria by Leeunhock
• Blood circulation by William Harvey
• Calculus by Newton
• Co2 by Fishcer
• Chlorine by K. Scheele
• Oxygen by Priestley
• Hydrogen by Cavandish
• Super conductor by Bendnorz and Muller in 1987 and were awarded Nobel Prize
• Cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney.
• Chloroform by Guthrie
• Deuterium by Harlod
• Dynamite by Alfred B. Nobel
• DNA by Watson Crick
• Gene by Johanson
• Chromosomes by Waldyar
• Electric resistance by Ohm
• Electrolysis by Faraday
• Electron by J.J. Thomson in 1897
• Neutron by Chadwick
• Proton by Rutherford
• Positron by Anderson
• Ozone by Echonbein
• Planetary motion by Kepler
• Radioactivity by Bacquerel
• Radium by Currie
• Insulin by Banting & Best
• Human heart transplant by Bernard
• Vaccine (measles) by Peebles
• Vaccine (polio) by Salk
• Vaccine (rabies) by Louis Pasteur
• Vaccine (small pox) by Edward Jenner
• Cause of Malaria was discovered by Ronald Ross
• Adding machine invented by Pascal
• Atom Bomb by Otto Hahn
• Air Brake by George Washington
• Air Conditioning by H. Carier
• Airplane (with motor) by Wright Bothers
• Airplane (jet engine) by Ohain
• Automobile (electric) by William Morrison
• Automobile (differential gear) by Benz
• Bakelite by Leo Hendricks Backland
• Balloon by Mont Golfer
• Barometer by Torricelli
• Bicycle (modern) by Starley
• Bifocal lens by Benjamin Franklin
• Burner (gas) by Bunsen
• Calculating machine (digital) by Charles Babbage
• Camera (photographic) by Josef N. Niepce
• Carburetor by Daimler
• Cement by Joseph Aspidin
• Circuit breaker by Hilliard
• Computer (electronic) by J.P.Eckert and J.W.Mauckly
• Diesel engine by Rudolf Diesel
• Digital camera was invented by Eastman Kodak.
• Gas engine by Daimler
• Electric fan by wheeler
• Electric flat iron by Henry Sealy
• Electric generator by Hippolyte Pixie
• Electric motor by Michael Faraday
• Motor A.C by Tesla
• Motor D.C by Devin Port
• Electric shaver by W.S. Hadaway
• Electric vaccum cleaner by James Spangler
• Electromagnet by William Sturgeon
• Electron Microscope by Vladimir Zwryin
• Microscope (compound) by Janessen and Leeuhock
• Flying shuttle by Johan Kay
• Gun powder by Roger Bacon
• Gas engine (four cycle) by Otto and Daimler
• Helicopter by Sikorsky
• Interneral combustion engine by Daimler
• Jet engine by Frank Whittle
• Knitting Machine by William Lee
• Lamp (incadecent) by Thomas Edision
• Montgoflier invented balloon.
• Talbot invented photographic paper.
• Dickenson invented paper machine.
• Blanchard invented parachute.
• Colt’s invention is pistol.
• Howe was the inventor of sewing machine.
• Lamp (mercury) by Hewit
• Laser (practical) by Gordon Gould
• Laser (operable) by T.H.Mainman
• Machine gun by Gatling
• Match (safety) by Pasch
• Microphone by Graham Bell
• Motion pictures (camera) by Edison
• Motor cycle by Daimler
• Motor scooter by Bradsha
• Parachute by Garnerin
• Pen (fountain) by Waterman
• Pen (ball-point) John Loud Biro
• Photoelectric cell by Julius Elster
• Piano by Christopher
• Printing press (screw type) by Guten Berg
• Radar by Watson Watt
• Railway (electric) by Werner Siemens
• Razor safety by Gillette
• Razor (electric) by Jacob Schick
• Refrigerator by Ferdinand Carre
• Revolver by Samuel Solt
• Rifle by August Kotter
• Rifle (automatic) by John Moses Browning
• Rocket Engine by Goddard
• Safety pin by Walter Hunt
• Sewing Machine by Elias Howe and Thomas Saint
• Stainless steel by Herry Brearley
• Stream boat by Abbans
• Submarine by Holland
• Tank military by Swinton
• Telephone by Graham Bell
• Radio by Marconi
• Telescope (reflecting) by Galileo
• Telescope (refracting) by Newton
• Television (mechanical) by J.L. Baird
• Television (electric) by Fransworth
• Thermometer by Galilo
• Termomter (mercury) by Farhenheit
• Tractor by Robert Keeley
• Transformer by William Stanley
• Transistor by William Shockley
• Type writer by Henry Mill
• Washing machine (electric) by Alva Fisher
• Washing machine (manual) by Hamilton E. Smith
• Welding (electric) by E. Thomson
• Zipper (meshed tooth) by Gideon Sundback
• Celcius devised Centrigrade scale
• Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture.
• Ramsay discovered inert gas.
• Proton was discovered by Goldstein
• Who is credited with the development of polio vaccine? Jonas Salk
• Christopher Cockerel invented what: Hovercraft
• The electric chair was invented by a dentist
• Bardeen and Brattin discovered Semiconductor
• What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or thermos flask
• Atom Bomb (Uranium Fission) was invented by Otto Hahn in 1941.
• Electron was discovered in 1897.
• Oxygen was discovered in 1774.
• Tomas A Edison was American.
• X-rays and Cosmic rays were discovered by Arthur Compton.
• Printing press was invented by Johann Gutenberg.
• Gramophone was invented by Emile Berliner.
• Blood pressure was discovered by William Harvey.
• Magnifying glass was invented by Roger Bacon.
• Insulin was discovered by Banting.
• Michael Faraday invented Electric Motor in belonged to England.
• ECG invented by Einthogen.
• Columbus Day is observed on 2nd Monday in October.
• In 1774 Oxygen was discovered by Priestly.
• In 1589 William Lee invented knitting machine.
• More than 2000 years ago a Roman Ruler Julius Caesar invented the calendar that we use today.
• Lipstick was first introduced in 1915 in America.
• Zippers were introduced in 1890.
• China was discovered by Marco Polo.
• Sea route from Europe to India was discovered by Vasco-de-Gama.
• Canada was discovered by Jacques Cartier.
• Australia was discovered by William Jon zoon.
• Parachute was invented by L.S Lenormand in 1783.
• Box Camera was invented by G.Eastman in 1988.
• Electric Generator was invented by Hippolyte Pixil in the year 1832. He belonged to France.
• In 1907 Electric Washing Machine was invented by an American named A.J 1916.
• Motorcycle was invented by Gottlieb Daimler in 1885, he belonged to Germany.
• First person to reach North Pole was Robert E.Peray.
• Dynamo was invented by Faraday in the year of 1831.
• On 14th Dec 1911 South Pole was discovered by Armunden.
• America was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492, he belonged to Italy.
• Sea route to India was discovered by Vasco da Gama in 1498, he belonged to Protugese.
• Sandwich Island (now called Hawaiian Island) was discovered by Captain cook in 1770, he belonged to English.
• Suez Canal was designed by French Engineer Ferdiand de Lesseps in 1869.
• Solar System was discovered by Copernicus in 1540, he belonged to Poland.
• Planery motion was discovered by Kepler in 1600, he belonged to Germany.
• Artificial radioactivity was discovered by Madam Joliet and Irene Curie in 1934.
• Atomic number were discovered by Mosley in 1913.
• Atomic theory was given by Dalton in 1803.
• Who invented wax paper- Thomas Edison
• Atomic Structure was studied by Bohr and Rutherford in 1913.
• Circumference of the earth was calculated by Jean Picard.
• Current Electricity was invented by Volta in 1800, he belonged to Italy.
• Cause of yellow fever was discovered by Reed in 1900.
• Discovery of Oxygen was made by J.Priestly in 1774.
• Deuterium (Heavy Hydrogen) was discovered by H.C Urey in 1932.
• Discovery of Electron was made by J.J Thomson in 1897.
• Dynamite was made my Alfred Noble, he belonged to Sweden.
• Fundamental laws of electrical attraction was made by Coulomb.
• Hydrogen was discovered by Cavendish in 1766.
• Induction of electric current was discovered by Michaed Farraday in 1841.
• Incandescent bulb was made by Edison in 1860.
• Intelligence tests were made by Binet in 1905.
• Laughing gas (Nitrous oxide) was discovered by Priestly.:
• Chromosomes were discovered by Hofmeister.
• Otto Hahm invented A.Bomb.
• Wright Brothers invented Aeroplane.
• W. Shockley discovered transistor.
• Christian Barnard was pioneer in heart transplantation.
• William Harvey discovered Circulation of blood.
• Ramsay discovered inert gas.
• Aristotle was the first to classify animals into groups.
• Theophrastus is regarded as the father of botany.
• Hydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavandish.
• Proton was discovered by Goldstein.
• Thomson discovered electron.
• Commercial cork is obtained from Quercus.
• Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture.
• In 1803, the English Scientist John Dalton described the atom as the smallest unit of an element.
• In 1897 J.J Thomson discovered electron, negative charges.
• In 1911 Ernest Rutherford, a New Zealander living in Britain, carried out experiment with atomic particles.
• Scientist use enormous machine called particle accelerator to discover and find out about subatomic particles.
• Ernest Rutherford in 1908, with the equipment discovered the atomic nucleus.
• Hans Geiger (1882-1945) invented the Geiger Counter used to measure radioactivity.
• The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel.
Francois Isaac de Rivaz
• The scientist who discovered water: Antoine Lavoisier (Chk)
• Nitric acid__ acid was discovered by Jabbar bin Hayyan.(HCL was also discovered by him)
• What calculating aid was invented by William Oughtred in 1662: Slide Rule
• What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or thermos flask
• Fredrick Sanger discovered which medical life saver: Insulin
• Who invented Scissors-Leonardo Da Vinci
• In 1902 What did Mary Anderson invent-Windscreen Wipers
• The technique to produce the first test tube baby was evolved by Patrick Stepote and Robert Edwards
• Sumiton invented Tank.
• The very first electric light was invented in Scotland in 1835 by James Lindsay.
• The molecular theory of matter was experimentally testified by Robert Brown.
• The theory of inheritance of acquired characters was propounded by J.B. Lamarck
• What was invented by Dr Edward Land in 1947: Polaroid
• Dr. James Watson discovered the structure of DNA in 1953.
• Structure of DNA was given by Watson and Crick.
• Air conditioner invented by "willis H. carrier"U.S. in 1902.
• Camera (photographic) has been invented by "Joseph N. Niepce"France in 1822.
• The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel. Etienne Lenoir
Pioneers in Science

Some Related Links


• Father of modern chemistry is Jabir bin Hayyan
• Father of botany is Theofrastus
• Father of biology is Aristotle
• James Hutton is called the father of modern geology.
• Thefrastus is called as father of botany.
• Father of Homeopathy is Heinemann.
• Founder of physical chemistry Arrhenius.
• Copernicus is known as the Father of Astronomy.
• Greek writer Herodotus is called father of History.
• Who is known as The father of English poetry - 1340 - 1400 Geoffrey Chaucer
• ‘Aristophanes’ is called father of comedy.
• Charles babbage is called " Father of computer "
• Adam smith is called " Father of economics "

Some Related Links


• What is Europe's largest port-Rotterdam
• What was first used at the 1904 St Louis Olympic games-Gold medals silver was first before
• Where is the worlds oldest university- Fez Morocco –founded 859
• What is the largest Island in The Greater Antilles- Cuba
• What is the worlds most polluted major city- Mexico City
• What is the worlds fastest moving insect-Tropical Cockroach
• Where is the largest church in the world-Vatican in Rome
• What was the first country to use postcards- Austria
• Where is the worlds largest Chinese settlement outside Asia San Francisco – Chinatown
• Which country has no national monetary unit of it's own Andorra
• Which country has the highest % of women in their legislature Cuba
• Which country has the most daily newspapers- India
• Which city was built in the design of a union flag Khartoum
• What was the first country to use TV as a mass info media Germany
• In which country is the worlds longest road tunnel Switzerland
• Which country has no public toilets- Peru
• Bill gates (USA), founder and chairman of Microsoft Corporation, is currently the richest person in the world and Lillian Bettencourt (France) is the richest woman in the world.
• Nauru, an island located in western Pacific Ocean, is the smallest republic of the world.
• Mount Everest (2759 N 8656 E) is the highest mountain peak which is located on Nepal Tibet border in the Himalayas.
• New Cornelia tailings on ten mile wash Arizona USA with a volume of 209500 million cubic meters is the world’s largest volume dam.
• Taipei-I built in Taiwan is world’s second tallest building..
• The Atacama Desert in Chile is the driest place of the world and Masynram in Assam (India) is the wettest place in the world.
• Canada has the longest coastline which is 151,489 miles in the length and Monaco’s coastline measures only 3.5 miles in length.
• Dalol Danaki depression in Ethiopia with an average annual temperature of 35c (95f) is the hottest place on earth and Plateau station, in Antarctica with an average annual temperature of -56.7c (-71.7f), is the coldest place of the globe.
• Grand central terminal of New York is the largest railway station. It covers an area of 48 acres.
• The Seikan railway tunnel in Japan is the longest railway tunnel in the world, it s length is 33.50 miles (53.9 km)
• Longest road tunnel is St. Goatherd Rd. located in Switzerland 16.3 km long.
• The yellow stone national park (USA) is the largest national park. It has an area of 3350 sq miles.
• The California University (USA) is the biggest university of the world.
• King khalid international airport, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia) is the largest airport in the world.
• The port of New York and New Jersey (USA) is the largest seaport in the world.
• Mandarin (Chinese) is the most spoken language of the world. It is estimated that a total number of 999 million ppl speak it.
• The noble prize is the largest prize. Each prize carries an amount of one million dollars.
• Shah faisal mosque located in Islamabad (pak) is the largest mosque.
• Ostrich is the largest bird in the world.
• Saudi Arabia is the largest exporter of oil in the world.
• The longest river in Asia is Yangtze
• The world’s largest internet search engine is Google.
• After United states, the largest number of inventions in the last two decades belongs to Germany
• China has the largest population, Russia has largest land area and Vatican city has smallest population and land area in the world
• Lord Clive was the first and Lord Mountbatten was the last British ruler of India.
• Largest continent of the world is "Asia" and smallest is "Australia”. Largest ocean of the world is "pacific ocean” and smallest ocean is "Indian ocean”. The Sahara is the largest desert of the world.
• Kazakhstan is the largest Muslim country in land area in the world. It has an area of 1,049,000 sq.miles. Maldives is the smallest Muslim country in land area of 115 sq. miles.
• Indonesia is the most populous Muslim country and Maldives is less populous Muslim country.
• Antarctica is the uninhabited continent of the world which is without any regular population.
• Seoul (South Korea) is the most populous city of the world.
• The lake Baikal of Russia has the maximum depth of 5315 feet.
• Turkey is the country having its land in two continents
• The world’s longest current reigning monarch is Queen of England.
• Germany is the highest solar energy user in the world.
• Inflation means that money falls in value.
• The Cambodian Language is the language with most Alphabets. It has a total number of 74 alphabets
• The Ostrich of North Africa is the biggest bird. Its height is up to 2.7 meters ( 9 feet ) and weight is up to 160 kgs. While the humming bird is smallest bird. It is 5.5-20 cm in length and weight about 16 grams.
• Glaciers are found on every continent except Africa. The Lambert Glacier enjoys the distinction of being the largest glacier in the world. It is located in the Australia Antarctic Territory. Its length is 440 miles (700 km) and was discovered in 1956-57.
• The largest museum in the world is the American Museum of Natural History
• The lowest mountain range in the world is the Bhieuna Bhaile
• The country known as the Land of Cakes is Scotland
• The place known as the Garden of England is Kent
• The old name of Taiwan was Formosa
• The largest bay in the world is Hudson Bay, Canada
• The largest church in the world is Basilica of St.Peter,Vatican City,Rome
• The tallest statue in the world is the Motherland,Volgagrad Russia
• The world's loneliest island is the Tristan da cunda
• The country whose National Anthem has only music but no words is Bahrain
• The largest cinema in the world is the Fox theatre,Detroit,USA
• The country where there are no Cinema theatres is Saudi arabia
• The world's tallest office building is the Sears Tower,Chicago
• The country where military service is compulsory for women is Israel
• The country which has more than 10,000 golf courses is USA
• The country which built the first powerful long range rockets is Germany
• The largest temple in the world is Angkorwat in Kampuchea
• The largest dome in the world is Louisiana Superdome,New Orleans,USA
• The largest strait in the world is Tartar Strait
• The largest city of Africa is Cairo
• The founder of KODAK Company was Eastman
• The Cape of Good Hope is located in South Africa
• The last letter of the Greek alphabet is Omega
• The place known as the land of Lincoln is Illinois
• The Pentagonian desert is located in Argentina
• The person known as the father of aeronautics is Sir George Cayley
• The most densely populated Island in the world is Honshu
• The two nations Haiti and the Dominion Republic together form the Island of Hisponiola
• The largest auto producer in the USA is General Motors
• The first actor to win an Oscar was Emil Jannings
• The first animated colour cartoon of full feature length was Snow White and Seven Dwarfs
• The first demonstration of a motion picture was held at Paris
• The first country to issue stamps was Britain
• The world's largest car manufacturing company is General Motors,USA
• The world's biggest manufacturer of bicycles is Hero cycles,Ludhiana
• The world's oldest underground railway is at London
• The last French Monarch was Louis Napoleon III
• The first man to reach Antarctica was Fabian Gotileb
• Oldest surviving building in world is pyramids of Egypt.
• K-2 is also known as Godwin Austin, first climbed by Ardito Desio 1956.
• Mount Everest is the highest mountain located in Himalaya (Nepal).
• Tensing and Hillary were the first human beings to set foot on the top of Mt. Everest. Tensing belonged to India and Hillary is a native of New Zealand.
• K2 is the second highest peak located in Korokoram (Pakistan).
• Mount Everest was named after Sir George Everest.
• Mozambique has the lowest GNP.
• The biggest airport in the world is King Khalid situated in Saudi Arabia.
• Nauru is the smallest republic of the world.
• Capital with highest elevation La Paz.
• Largest Dam, Grand Coulee Dam is in USA.
• World’s biggest museum is British Museum.
• Volta Lake (Ghana) is the largest artificial lake of the world.
• Largest zoo is in South Africa.
• Largest Hydroelectric power station is in Brazil.
• Largest palace is in Brunei.
• Longest railway tunnel is Seikan Railway Tunnel, in Japan.
• The largest railway tunnel in the world is the Oshimzu Tunnel, Japan (chk)
• Longest underground railway Tunnel is in Moscow.
• Grand Central Terminal of New York is the largest railway station of the world.
• Biggest Library is Congress Library in USA.
• Largest Stadium is in Czech Republic.
• Country with largest coast line is Canada.
• Country with largest budget is USA.
• The highest birth rate is of Malawi.
• Peru with lowest birth rate.
• Country with most billionaires is USA.
• Walt Disney is the man with highest number of Oscars.
• The world’s longest platform is known as the Loop, which is located in USA.
• Monaco has the shortest coast line.
• The biggest Square the Tiananmen Square is in China.
• Largest Tomb the mount li tomb is in China.
• The longest cricket match between England and South Africa in 1939 abandoned after 10 days.
• Largest number of school is in China.
• Largest fort, Fort George situated in UK.
• The largest church of the world is in Rome (Italy).
• Largest exhibition centre is in Germany.
• Lake Victoria is the largest lake of Africa.
• The film Ben Hur won the most (11) Oscur Awards in 1959.
• World’s largest mosque is shah faisal mosque.
• Largest capital is Ottawa.
• Tibetan Plateau has highest elevation.
• Smallest continent is Australia.
• Least populated Muslim country is Maldives.
• City with largest elevation is Lhasa.
• Largest Bay is Bay of Bengal.
• Largest delta is in Bengal created by the river Bharamputra and the Ganges.
• Largest gulf is the Gulf of Mexico.
• Largest water reservoir is Own falls (Uganda).
• Largest dam by volume is Kiev dam (Ukrain).
• Biggest dam is Pati dam (Argentina).
• Hottest place is Aziziyah, Libya.
• Coldest place is Plateau station (Antartica).
• Driest place is Atacama Desert in Chile.
• Biggest national park is yellow stone national park.
• Biggest university is California university (USA).
• Largest battle ship is USS Missouri.
• Largest sea port is port of Net York and New Jersey (USA).
• Most spoken language is Mandarin Chinese.
• Largest mosque is Shah Faisal Mosque at Islamabad.
• Largest church is Chatholic Basilica (Vetican Rome).
• Largest university is university of New York USA.
• Oldest civilization is Sumerian civilization (Mesopotamia).
• Oldest town is Jericho (Jordan).
• Largest land mammal is African Elephant.
• Longest strait is the Strait of Malacca.
• Tallest animal is Giraffe.
• Largest bird is ostrich.
• Smallest bird is humming bird.
• Largest bank of the world is Dutch Bank of Germany.
• The country with most refugees is Iran.
• Country with most islands is Indonesia.
• First Muslim dynasty in India is slave dynasty.
• Highest birth rate is of Malawi (Africa).
• Lowest birth rate is of Peru.
• Highest death rate is of Peru.
• Lowest death rate is of Kuwait.
• A richest woman is Queen Elizabeth.
• The largest of oil consumer is USA.
• The largest oil field is Ghawar Oil field (Saudi Arabia).
• Tallest tower is CN Tower Toronto (Canada).
• Busiest airport is O’Hare International Airport (USA).
• Oldest capital city is Damascus (Syria).
• Largest constellation is Hydra.
• Fastest bird is Pregrine Falcon.
• Largest metropolitan is Mexico City.
• Biggest park is the wood Buffalo national park.
• Densest population is of Bangladesh.
• Longest canal is Volga Batlic canal.
• Longest day 21 June and shortest day December 21.
• Largest diamond is Cullinan.
• Longest big ship canal is Suez Canal.
• The smallest ocean is Arctic Ocean.
• Reticulated python is the longest snake in the world.
• Urengoi (Russia) is the largest natural gas reserved.
• The Bamboo has the fastest growth rate. It grows up to 3 feet in 24 hours.
• Trans-Siberian railway line is the longest in the world.
• Roxy is the biggest cinema house of the e world. It is located in New Your (United State).
• The largest telescope of the world called Keck-I, is located in Hawaii (USA).
• Jean Bernard is the deepest cave in France.
• The fastest flying bird in the world is Falcon.
• Largest peninsula is Arabian Peninsula.
• Mariana Trench is the deepest part of Pacific.
• The longest railway station is located in Japan.
• Polus Nedostupnostir is the coldest place on earth.
• Tallest Light house “Steel Marine Tower” is in Japan.
• The biggest delta in the world is the Sunderbans
• The city which is the biggest centre for manufacture of automobiles in the world is Detroit,USA
• The river which carries maximum quantity of water into the sea is the Mississippi
• Volentina Treshkova (USSR) was the first woman astronaut who orbited the earth in the year 1983.
• The American astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first man to steps on the surface of moon on 21 July 1969.
• Largest producer of silver is Mexico.
• The largest producer of carpet is Iran.
• The largest producer of cheese is USA.
• The largest producer of cotton is USA.
• The largest producer of Jute is Bangladesh.
• The largest producer of Rice is China.
• The largest producer of Silk is China.
• The largest producer of Steel is USA.
• The largest producer of Sugar is India.
• The largest producer of Tea is India.
• The largest producer of Wheat is USA.
• The largest producer of Wool is Australia.
• The largest producer of gold is South Africa.
• The largest producer of oil is Saudi Arabia.
• The largest producer of coffee
• The largest producer of tin is Malaysia.
• The world’s leading banking center is Zurich.
• Most Spoken Language is Chinese.
• World’s largest fish catching country is China.
• Muhammad Fathullah Khan Kandahari's translation: Printed in 1861, Bhopal, India, It is the first known translation of the holy Qur'an in Pashto
• The first translation of the Quran into a Western language was made into Latin. It was carried out by Robertus Rotenesis and Hermannus Dalmata in 1143
• South China Sea is the largest sea.
• What country is the world leader in Cobalt Mining-Zaire
• What animal has the best hearing-Bats
• What country had the first banknotes-Sweden China paper not banknotes
• Where was the worlds first supermarket built (country)-France
• Which country grows the most sugar-Brazil
• Name the largest Mediterranean island-Sicily
• Who was the first British monarch to visit America George VI in 1939
• What country consumes the most meat per capita 124 lb-Argentina
• What is the worlds largest food company- Nestle
• Which of the following is the world’s largest city in area? Mount Isa (Australia) /New York (chk)
• Which of the following countries has the largest area of forest? Russia
• Where is the world’s tallest Pagoda located? China
• Which of the following is the largest Gulf in the world? Gulf of Mexico
• In 1901 who first transmitted radio signals across Atlantic: Marconi
• Which country has the smallest birth rate: Vatican City
• Which country was the first to introduce old age pensions: Germany
• Who piloted the first flight across the English channel: Louis Bleriot
• What was the first James Bond film: Dr No
• Which country set up the world’s first chemistry lab in 1650: Netherlands
• Which country was the first to abolish capitol punishment 1826-Russia Czar Nicholas -Siberia instead
• What country is nearest to the North Pole: Greenland
• Who were the first people to measure the year-Babylonians
• Who was Canada's first prime minister-Sir John MacDonald
• What is the worlds oldest monotheistic religion: Judaism
• In what city is the worlds largest carpet manufacturer-Kashmir
• What is the worlds largest herb-Banana
• What country produces the most tobacco in the world-China
• What country has the most elephants-Tanzania
• Who was the first woman to receive The Order of Merit 1907-Florence Nightingale
• What country has the most Post Offices -India
• Where was the first Miss World contest held in 1951-London
• What country has the worlds largest merchant navy-Liberia
• What country consumes the most tea per capita-Ireland
• What country has the worlds oldest National Anthem-Netherlands
• What city has the worlds biggest taxi fleet-Mexico - over 60000
• What animal is mentioned most in the Bible-Sheep
• What is officially the poorest US state-Mississippi
• DELAG was the worlds first what Oct 16 1909- Airline - by Zeppelin
• Where was the first police force established in 1667-Paris
• What is the world tallest horse Shire Horse
• What bird lays the largest clutch of eggs The Grey Partridge – up to 16
• The King Cobra is the only snake that does what-Builds a Nest
• Worlds oldest existing treaty of 1373 between England and who Portugal
• What is considered to be the worlds fastest team game Ice Hockey
• What is the worlds largest airline- Aeroflot
• Which city had the world first public bus service- Paris
• Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean.
• The longest highway in the world is the Trans-Canada
• The largest bell in the world is the Tsar Kolkol at Kremlin,Moscow
• The biggest stadium in the world is the Strahov Stadium,Prague
• The country which has the greatest population density is Monaco
• The first President of Egypt was Mohammed Nequib
• The first man to reach North Pole was Rear Peary
• The first Prime minister of Bangladesh was Mujibur Rehman
• The primary producer of newsprint in the world is Canada
• The first explorer to reach the South Pole was Cap.Ronald Amundson
• The airplane was used in war for the first time by Italians(14 Oct.1911)
• United State has most TV stations in the world.
• China has most land frontiers with neighboring countries.
• Tokyo is the largest metropolitan city.
• The first man to circumnavigate the world was Magellan.
• The world’s poorest country with a lowest per capita income is Rwanda.
• Saudi Arabia is no.1 oil producing country in the world
• Hingol is the largest river in the world.
• After USA, France is the biggest arms seller in the world.
• The maximum presentation in the European parliament is held by Germany.
• First test tube baby Louise Brown (England) was born in 1978.
• Oldest athlete to win Olympic title in 1920 belongs to USA.
• Youngest Olympic champion, Barbara pearl Jones belonged to USA.
• USA is the largest nuclear electric power producing country in the world. It produces 98,784 MW electricity which is about 30% of the total nuclear electricity generated in the world.
• Kilauea situated in Hawaii (US) is the most active volcano of the world
• Robert E. Perry (1856-1920) an American explorer reached North Pole on 6th April, 1909 for the first time in human history.
• In what country was the worlds first wildlife sanctuary set up-Sri Lanka 3rd cent BC
• Longest land frontier is of China.
• Highest % of land under cultivation is in India.
• World’s oldest university al-Azhar is in Egypt.
• Smallest continent is Australia.
• Yum located in Arizona (USA) is the sunniest place of the world. It gets sunshine in 91 % possible hours
• The longest continuous war was the thirty year war between various European countries from 1618 to 1648. While the shortest continuous war was between UK and Zanzibar, which lasted from 90 am to 9:45 am on 27th august 1896.
• China had the maximum number (861878) of primary schools. India was at the top with 241,129 secondary schools in 1994.
• USA is the country with 109 nuclear reactors , followed by france 56, japan 51
• Which country grows the most fruit: China
• Vicolo della virilita of Italy is the world’s narrowest street.
• Canal Street is the widest street in USA.
• Fastest animal is cheetah.
• Slowest animal is Snail 2 to 3 feet per minute.
• Biggest bell is Great bell at Moscow.
• Fastest bird is Indian swift.
• Largest bird is Ostrich.
• Smallest bird is Helena’s humming bird.
• Bird that never makes its nest is Cuckoo.
• Wingless bird is Kiwi.
• Longest canal is the Volga-Baltic.
• Highest capital is La Paz (Bolivia).
• Deepest cave is Reseau Jean Bernard (France).
• Biggest cinema house is Roxy (New York).
• Largest Church is Episcopalian Diocese (New York).
• Biggest city (by population) is Tokyo.
• City largest by area is Kiruna (Sweden).
• Largest continent is Asia.
• Smallest continent is Australia.
• Largest coral formation is The Great Barrier Reef (Australia).
• Longest corridor is Rameshwaram temple corridor.
• Highest country is China (Tibet region).
• Largest country by population is China.
• Largest country by area is Russia.
• Smallest country by area is Vatican City State.
• Highest dam is Rogunsky.
• Largest concrete dam is The Grand Coulee, USA.
• Longest Day in Northern Hemisphere is 21st June.
• Shortest Day in Northern Hemisphere is 22nd Dec:
• Largest Delta is Sundarbands (Bangladesh).
• Hottest desert is Libyan Sahara.
• Largest desert is Sahara (Africa) 33, 20,000 sq. miles.
• Highest desert is Atacama (Chile).
• Largest diamond is Cullinan.
• Largest diamond mine is Kimberley (South Africa).
• Largest dome is of Astrodome, Houston (USA).
• Biggest flower is Rafflesia (Java, Indonesia).
• Lightest gas is hydrogen.
• Longest glacier is Lambert (Antarctica).
• Largest gulf is Gulf of Mexico.
• Largest gorge is Grand Canyon.
• Hottest place is Dalol (Ethiopia).
• Largest Island is Greenland.
• Largest underground lake is Drachenhauchloch cave (Arizona).
• Largest man-made lake is Lake Mead Arizona.
• Biggest library is Congress Library (USA).
• Longest lifespan of animal is of Giant tortoise.
• Largest mammal is Blue whale.
• Highest melting point is of Tungsten, 3410° C.
• Tallest Minaret is Qutub Minar (Delhi) 238 feet.
• Largest mosque is Shah Faisal Mosque, Islamabad.
• Highest mountain peak is Mt. Everest (Himalaya).
• Tallest mountain range is The Himalaya range with 96 of world’s 109 tallest peaks.
• Longest mountain range is Andes (South America).
• Biggest museum is British Museum (London).
• Largest Commercial Ocean is Atlantic Ocean.
• Youngest ocean is Atlantic Ocean.
• Mediterrian sea means ‘sea in the middle of land’.
• Saltiest ocean is Mediterranean Ocean.
• Ocean shrinking and growing is Atlantic Ocean.
• Fastest ocean swimmer is Sailfish (68 mph).
• Biggest palace is Vatican.
• Biggest park is the Wood Buffalo National Park, Alberta, Canada.
• Biggest passenger train is Queen Elizabeth (UK).
• Largest peninsula is Saudi Arabia.
• Coldest place is Verkhoyansk (Russia).
• Driest place is Death Valley (California).
• Hottest place is Azizia Libya Africa.
• Longest railway platform is Khargpur, India
• Highest plateau is Pamir, Tibet.
• Longest poisonous snake is King Cobra.
• Largest port is Rotterdam (Netherlands).
• Largest railway station is Grand Central Terminal.
• Longest railway line is Trans-Siberian Railway.
• Rainiest spot is Cherrapunji.
• Largest man-made reservoir is Angara River Russia.
• Largest river basin is Amazon River.
• Longest river dam is Hirakud Dam India.
• Largest river in volume is Amazon (Brazil).
• Longest river is Nile (Egypt).
• Largest sea bird is Albatross.
• Largest space centre is Cape Kennedy (USA).
• Largest stadium is Straho Stadium Prague.
• Tallest statue is Statue of Liberty (NY).
• Largest suspension bridge is Verazano-Narrows, NY.
• Longest swimming course is English Channel, UK.
• Broadest strait is Mozambique.
• Longest strait is Malacca.
• Biggest Telescope is Astro Physical Observatory.
• Largest temple is Angkor Vat (Cambodia).
• Longest non-stop train is Flying Scotman.
• Highest town is Wenchuan, Tibet (China).
• Tallest tower is CNN Tower, Toronto, USA.
• Longest road tunnel is Seikan (Japan).
• Highest volcano is Cotapaxi (Ecuador).
• Largest volcano is Mauna Loa (Hawaii)
• Philippines has the greatest number of volcanoes in the world.
• Longest wall is Great Wall of China 1550 miles long.
• Highest waterfall is Angel (Venezuela)
• Lowest body of water is Dead Sea.
• Biggest zoo is Etosha National Park, Namibia.
• In 2650 the first Pyramid was built in Egypt.
• In 776 First Olympic Games were played in Greece.
• Alexander invaded India in battle of Hydaspes.
• Emperor Theodesius banned the Olympic Games.
• Sun and Moon pyramids are in Mexico.
• Rock temple was built at Jerusalem.
• The largest tea producing country is India.
• USA has the largest production of aluminium.
• Rainfall related to mountains is Orographic rainfall.
• Lakes give the source of terrestrial moisture.
• Bangladesh has a dispute over the construction of a dam on Naaf River with Myanmar.
• A large coral reef containing islands encompassing a sea water lagoon is named Atoll.
• The largest basins in the face of the earth are oceans. Basin is a low land area.
• Sri Lanka is not a landlocked country.
• The thinnest earth layer is Crust.
• The name of the second highest African peak is Mount Kenya.
• Name of the second largest river of Africa is The Congo.
• Sundarbans Forests are world’s largest mangrove forests.
• Khunjra Pass connects Pakistan with China.
• Water source beneath the earth flowing naturally is called spring.
• Canada leads in the world in production of asbestos.
• Bachendri Pal is the first Indian woman to scale Mount Everst.
• Borge Ousland is a Norwegian explorer. He became the first person to walk across the Antarctic continent alone and unsupported.
• Brazil is the largest producer of coffee in the world.
• Chile is the largest copper producing country in the world.
• The country where death rate is lowest in the world is Japan.
• Largest Ginger producing nation is Indonesia.
• Lithuania was the first Soviet Republic of the former Soviet Union which declared itself independent.
• Madagaskar is the largest island in the Indian Ocean.
• Ferdinand Magellan commanded the first expedition in 15190 to sail round the world and discovered passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic. He proved that the shape of the earth is round.
• India leads in export of Mica in the world.
• Longest Optical Fibre is between Singapore and Marseilles.
• Dr. Ian Wilmut is credited with first cloned sheep.
• New Zealand was the first country to propose Carbon Tax to address global warming.
• Suez Canal is the largest ship canal in the world. It joins Red Sea with Mediterranean Sea. The plan of the Suez Canal was conceived by Ferdinand de Lesseps.
• Largest sugar producing country is India second is Brazil.
• Cuba is the highest producer of sugarcane in the world.
• In November 2005, Africa’s first woman head of state was elected in Mozambique. Her name is Luisa Diogo of FELIMO party.
• Amazon is the largest river of the world.
• The North Atlantic Route is the largest and busiest of the ocean trade routes.
• Most Subways in the country.. USA
• What city has the longest metro system: London
• USA has most roads what country has second most: India
• China started Civil Service Examination first of all in 6 A.D.
• Which of the following is the largest sugar producing country in the world? Brazil
• World’s oldest regligionis Hinduism.
• World’s largest religion is Christianity.
• World’s second most populous city is Mexico city.
• First to sail around the world was Ferdinand Magallan
• Largest number of Palestinian refuges are in Jordan.
• Kazakistan is the largest country in Central Asia.
• Largest landlocked country in world is Mangolia.
• Biggest oil refinery is at Abadan (Iran).
• Detroit (USA) is famous for car manufacturing.
• Glasgow is biggest ship building centre.
• Havana is famous for cigar manufacturing.
• Europe’s only Islamic state is Albania.
• Newzealand is close to Int: Date Line.
• In which city there is the largest stock exchange of the world? New York.
• Oldest Search Engine is ... Yahoo
• Bird largest in size... Ostrich
• Oldest parliament in the world--- Althing (Iceland)
• The last King of Afghanistan... Zahir Shah
• First person to walk across the Antarctic continent alone was Borge Ousland.
• Aqualine is the world’s longest under-sea tunnel (15.1 km long) bridge and tunnel express-way for motor vehicles across Tokyo Bay.
• Arabia is the larges peninsula.
• Only Hindu kingdom in World is Nepal.
• Who was the first man to fly across the channel: Louis Bleriot
• What is the largest state in the USA: Alaska
• Which of the following countries of South-West Asia leads in the production of oil? Saudi Arabia
• Which country grows the most potatoes: Russia
• What language has the most words: English
• What is the smallest state of Australia-Tasmania
• Paris and What other capital had the worlds first telephone link-Brussels
• What is the largest country in Africa -Sudan
• What was the worlds first passenger jet aircraft-Comet
• In what city was the worlds first blood bank opened 1940-New York – Richard Charles Drew
• What county first used pepper-China
• What is the oldest known science- Astronomy
• What is the last element – Alphabetically-Zirconium
• What is the worlds most popular first name-Mohammed
• What is the fastest swimming ocean fish over 60 mph-Sailfish – Marlin
• People`s republic of china has the largest army of the world.
• The largest tides of the world occur in Bay of fundy (canada).
• Sudan is the largest country in Africa.
• Mumbai is the most populous city.
• Khan Mehtarzai is the highest railway station in Asia.
• Maximum quantities of diamonds are found in Africa.
• The highest rainfall for one month was recorded at Indian town of Cherapoonje. 366,14 inches rain fell there during the month of july 1861.
• Light is the fastest thing in the universe.It travels at a phenomenal speed of 187,000 miles per second.
• The largest tides of the world occur in Bay of Fundy (canada).
• Takla Makan is in China is the driest desert in Asia.
• Largest earthquake fatalities occurred in Izmir, Turkey in 1999.
• Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop around the world.
• King of Malaysia is the only king in the world who is elected for 5 years term.
• Largest oil company belong to USA is The Ecxon Corporation.
• The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street
• The panch Pokhri Lake situated in the Himalaya Mountains is the highest lake in the world.
• Sierra Leone has the lowest GDP per capita of 510 US dollars and Luxembourg has the highest GDP per capita of 36,400 US dollars.
• People`s republic of china has the largest army of the world.
• The Royal Majesty ship Queen Elizabeth (UK) is the largest passenger ship in the world. It is 314 metres long and 36 metres wide.
• The Cambodian language is a language which has a total number of 74 alphabets.
• The Sumerian civilization is considered to be the oldest civilization of the world.
• Jericho, situated in the Jorden valley is the oldest town of the world.
• The maximum ever temperature of 136.4 F was recorded on september 13,1922 in the city Azizia (Libya) and The minimum temperature of -129.6 F was recorded in the town of Vostok near Antarctica on 24th august , 1960.
• Worldwide most capitol cities begin with which letter- B
• Who built the worlds first film studio- Thomas Alva Edison
• Where is the worlds largest mine-Carletonville South Africa
• What is the biggest tourist attraction in Zambia-Victoria falls
• What country consumes the most coffee per capita 25 Lb-Finland
• Oil is the most traded product in the world what is the second-Coffee
• Which country makes the most films per year- India
• What's the worlds longest rail journey made no train change Moscow Peking
• What was the first sport to be filmed -Boxing by Thomas Edison 1894
• Name the first film to have its sequel released in the same year-King Kong - Son of Kong
• What cities underground has the most stations-New York
• first man to set foot on all five continents- Captain Cook
• Who was the pilot in the first fatal air crash-Orville Wright
• Where was the worlds first oil well drilled-Pennsylvania
• What country drink the most milk per capita-Iceland
• What country consumes the most fish per capita-Japan
• What was the first country to recognise the US as independent-Morocco
• On what are the worlds smallest paintings painted- Pin Heads
• Who was the first person to wear a wristwatch- Queen Elizabeth 1st


• Water vapors are formed due to evaporation
• Gas in gobar (cow dung) is ethylene. (chk biogas is natural gas)
• GMT was established in 1884
• Radio broad casting started in 1920
• Calorie requirement sedentary is 2500, light word is 3000, moderate work is 3500 and heavy work is 4000
• Water is 830 times heavier than air
• Driving mirror is usually convex
• Dossier means relevant papers
• In deserts clouds do not precipitate due to low humidity
• Rain drop is shaped like a peer
• Money is made of cotton
• Chino phobia is a fear of snow
• Cyber phobia is a fear of computer
• Fear of heights is Acrophobia
• 1 liter = 0.9 kg
• Drinker’s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol in the blood.
• Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made.
• Dewar’s flask is called as thermos.
• Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by Mass spectroscopy.
• Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. It is due to Fluorescence
• The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and low temperature is called regulation.
• If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black.
• Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to refraction and dispersion of light.
• 510 million square kilometers is the total surface area of the ear
• Linseed oil is used while oil painting.
• During the winter months 90% of fallen leaves are taken underground by earth worm
• Cox orange pippen is a biological name of an apple
• Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop around the world
• Aircraft designers test their model of aircraft in wind tonnel
• Aircrafts are made of alluminium alloys
• Flaps are used as air brakes
• Darwin visited Galapagos Island before giving his theory of Natural Selection.
• Staple food is the basic food
• The crops like legumes and beens and clover form their own fertilizer. Farmers grow these crops and plough into soil as fertilizers. This process is called green manuring.
• Scientists have recently discovered a new taste called Umami.
• Braille system is named after its inventor the Frenchman Louis Brille.
• Isochrones are the lines joining the places of equal labour and transportation costs.