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Showing posts with label Baggage X-Ray Mchines. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Baggage X-Ray Mchines. Show all posts

Wednesday, April 10, 2013

Baggage X-Ray Mchine Operater Refresher Course True False

61. In Hi-Scan-6040-I EPX button is used for highlight the organic material. True/False
62. An XIS operator can see TIP image in storage of Hi-Scan-6040-I. True/False
63. A passenger can not carry explosive in passenger aircraft by showing legal documents. True/False
64. We should hand over the loaded pistol to the passenger for unloading at any search point. True/False
65. Hi-Scan-6040-I has video memory board to convert X-Ray signal into digital signal. True/False
66. If the image of bag is clear then the bag will referred for manual search. True/False
67. While researching suspect objects , proceeded according to the safety instruction. True/False
68. Plastic Explosive can be shaped into almost any form. True/False
69. In HI-Scan -6040-I Baggage x-ray machine is made by Smith Hei-Mann Company Germany True/False
70. Airport Berifing /Departure are prohibited area. True/False
71. To turn the x-ray on, optical sensor modules are used in Astrophysics XIS-100-X True/False
72. with the navigator on hi-Scan 6040I key pad, monitor screen is divide into eight overlapping sections.
73. combined test piece consist of 7 test True/False
74. high dense material appears in blue colour. True/False
75. in line Scan PX-107, we cannot bring variation in pseudo function. True/False
76. operator will find better result of baggage , if place near the x-ray source True/False
77. Is army officer has licensed weapon at search counter, he will be allowed to board the aircraft False
78. As per current procedure CTP log sheet will be filled by the operator himself. True/False
79. Class no 6 of Dangerous Goods is Toxic & Infection substance. True/False
80. The Atomic number of nitrogen 9 True/False
81. In CTP, Wire relation test is to check color scheme of X-Rays. True/False
82. Back scattered technology is used to detect plastic items. True/False
83. In baggage x-ray machine 6040-I P1 key is used to hit the TIP. True/False
84. High explosive is further divided into 02x groups. True/False
85. In Line Scan px-107, Search Icon is used to hit the TIP. True/False
86. Flying Spot Technology has been used in micro dose family True/False
87. HI.Scan machine are operated normally in HI.Mat Funcation. True/False
88. Hi Scan Machines have two major clolor system. True/False
89. Hi Man 6040-A is for hand baggage. True/False
90. Line Scan 215 is made of security product of USA True/False
91. Line Scan 215 is made of Astro Physics Coy True/False
92. Hi Scan Mchine 9075-35-TS is for hand baggage. True/False
93. Line Scan 215/III have storage system. True/False
94. Home made bombs called “Improvised Explosive Devices” or IEDs. True/False

Baggager X-Ray Machine Operater Refresher Course True False


31. Class no.6 of Dangerous Goods is Toxic & inflations substance True/False
32. Collectively, 01 letters of liquid allowed in hand baggage True/False
33. Lead Azide and silver Azide are primary high explosive   True/False
34. Airport briefing /departure are restricted area True/False
35. We should never hand over loaded pistol to the passenger for unloading at any search point True
36. Hi-Scan 6040-I is made by security product company Germany. True/False
37. The device working on infrared technology in baggage XIS is just ON /OFF switch of X-Ray.  False
38. Personnel baggage of any diplomatic /Ambassador is not exempted from screening/Search. True
39. In HI-Scan 6040-I by pressing magnifying key monitor screen is divided into 9 overlapping segments.   False
40. IED consist of 04 x man components True/False
41. Nitroglycerin is found in liquid shape. True/False
42. Hi-Scan 6040-I is purely an Explosive Detection System. True/False
43. PRMs stand for person with reduced mobility. True/False
44. Line Scan PX-107 IS DOWN Shooter True/False
45. If dangerous article is not clearly visible, then X-Ray image should be classified as potential threat. True/False
46. In line scan PX-107, we can bring variation in pseudo function. True/False
47. Astrophysics XIS 100-X can store the image of 888 normal baggage. True/False
48. In line Scan PX-107 is up shooter Machine. True/False
49. In line Scan PX-107 Baggage XIS operator can see TIP baggage in storage system. True/False
50. Light barrier are used in line scan in line scan PX-107 True/False
51. We can got 4x zoom Hi Scan-6040-I by holding ‘0’ Button. True/False
52. In Astrophysics XIS-100-X we can get 10 pseudo colours. True/False
53. An IED consist of 6 main components. True/False
54. Annex-17 tells about safeguarding of civil aviation industry against acts of unlawful acts interference.
                                                                                                                                 True/False
55. The Atomic number of oxygen is 08. True/False
56. Hi-Cat function is used in Astrophysics XIS-100-X True/False
57. Spray paints and tear gas are classified as killing chemicals. True/False
58. If dangerous articles are clearly visible, then X-Ray image should be classified as potential threat.
                                                                                                                                True/False
59. Black powder, smoke powder and flash powder are high explosive. True/False
60. Nitroglycerin is found in solid shape. True/False

Baggage Machine Operater refreasher Course True and False

1. Airport Briefing /departure are prohibited areas. True/False
2. We should hand over the loaded pistol to the passengers for unloading at any search point. True/False
3. Hi-Trax function is based on transmitted X-Ray. True/False
4. The device which works on infrared technology in X-Ray machine is just on off switch of X-Ray True
5. Inverse and negative image are same thing True/False
6. OM function (Rapi Scan) stand for operating Machine True/False
7. Liquid Explosive are low –Z Material True/False
8. Nitro-Glycerin is found in gel shape True/False
9. Potential threat and oblivious threat having same meaning. True/False
10. Line Scan PX-107 has DAS board to convert analog to digital signal True/False
11. If the image of bag is not clear then bag will be referred to manual search True/False
12. HI-Scan 6040-A has TIP system to alert the operator True/False
13. There are 08 colour according to density True/False
14. Main charge of an IED consist of primary high explosive True/False
15. Lighter with fuel /Gas are not allowed to carry in hold baggage. True/False
16. The atomic number of nitrogen is 9. True/False
17. AWG stand for American Wire Gage True/False
18. In Astrophysics XIS-7858 BY pressing PEX key , inorganic material high lighted True/False
19. Black powder, smoke powder and flash powder are low explosive. True/False
20. IED stand for incendiary Explosive Device True/False
21. IED’S fall into three main categories True/False
22. Hockey stick and cricket bat are not allowed in carry on bags True/False
23. Army officers are allowed to carry on weapon without license in hold baggage of an aircraft. True/False
24. While researching suspect object , proceed according to safety instruction. True/False
25. Annex-18 tells us about dangerous goods. True/False
26. X-Rays were discovered in 1895 by Wilhelm Roentgen True/False
27. Spay paints and tear Gas is classified as killing chemicals. True/False
28. We will get better result of an image if bag is placed near the X-Ray source. True/False
29. High Explosive are further divided into 02x Group. True/False
30. The atomic number of silver is 82. True/False

Thursday, April 4, 2013

Best Baggage X-Ray Machines in world


1.       Hi-Scan
a.       HiMann Hi-Scan 6040-A (Hand Baggage Machine)Up Shooter Made by HI-Mann Coy      Germany
b.      HiMann Hi-Scan 9075-35-TS (Hold Baggage Machine) Down Shooter Made by HI-Mann Coy Germany
c.       Smith HiMann Hi-Scan 6040-I (Hand Baggage Machine) Up Shooter Made by Smith HI-Mann Coy Germany.
d.      Smith HiMann Hi-Scan 9075 (Hold Baggage Machine) Down Shooter Made by Smith HI-Mann Coy Germany.

2.       Line Scan
a.       Line Scan LS-215 (Hand Baggage Machine) Up Shooter Made by L3 Communications, Security & Detection System USA Old key board.
b.      Line Scan LS-237 (Hold Baggage Machine) Up Shooter Made by L3 Communications, Security & Detection System USA Old key board.
c.       Line Scan LS-107 (Hold Baggage Machine) Up Shooter Made by L3 Communications, Security & Detection System USA Old key board.
d.      Line Scan PX-6.4 (Hand Baggage Machine) Up Shooter Made by L3 Communications, Security & Detection System USA Touch System.
e.      Line Scan PX-107 (Hold Baggage Machine) Up Shooter Made by L3 Communications, Security & Detection System USA Touch System.

3.    Rapi Scan
a.       Rapi Scan 320 (Hand Baggage Machine) Up Shooter Made by Rapi Scan  Security Product Coy England.
b.      Rapi Scan 328 (Hold Baggage Machine) Down Shooter Made by Rapi Scan  Security Product Coy England.
c.       Rapi Scan 527 (Hold Baggage Machine) Down Shooter Made by Rapi Scan  Security Product Coy England.
d.      Rapi Scan 328 (Hold Baggage Machine) Down Shooter Made by Rapi Scan  Security Product Coy England.
4.    Astrophysics
a.    Astrophysics XIS-100-X (Hold Baggage Machine) Made by Astrophysics Inc USA.

Working Principle of Rapi Scan 527/528


Working Principle of Rapi Scan 527/528
As son as an object enter the inspection chamber and cut off the beam of infrared rays made by OSM (Optical Sensor Module) it is suddenly transmitted to System Control Board and System Control Board Command the X-Ray controller to turn the X-Rays on.
When X-Ray are turned on, it starts scanning the object some x-rays pass through the object , some are absorbed and some are scattered in different directions according to the density of object. After passing through the object , X-Rays are detected by LXDA (Liner x-Ray Detector Array/ Diode) board which converts these X-Rays signal into digital signal and send these signal to Main  Computer Memory  where after normalization and processing with the help of SVGA (Super Video Graphic Adopter) these signal are converted into video signals and sent to VDU (Video Display Unit) as an image.
st Image Processor). HIP Board these converted these digital signals into video signals and sent to VDU (Video Display Unit) as an image.
urity measures to protect Departure Lounge/Aircraft Cabin. All Articles which can be used to commit an act of unlawful interference are prohibited to carry beyond this point.

Working Principle of Working Principle of Lian Scan LS-215/LS-237/LS-107


Working Principle of Working Principle of Lian Scan LS-215/LS-237/LS-107
As son as an object enter the inspection chamber and cut off the beam of infrared rays made by OSM (Optical Sensor Module) it is suddenly transmitted to System Control Board and System Control Board Command the X-Ray controller to turn the X-Rays on.
When X-Ray are turned on, it starts scanning the object some x-rays pass through the object , some are absorbed and some are scattered in different directions according to the density of object. After passing through the object , X-Rays are detected by LXDA (Liner x-Ray Detector Array/ Diode) board which converts these X-Rays signal into analog signal and send these signal to ADC (Analog to Digital Converter),ADC  board converts these analog signals to digital signals and send tese signals to DTP (Dtat Transfer Processor)  where these digital signals are arranged in a sequence and then sent to HIP (Host Image Processor). HIP Board these converted these digital signals into video signals and sent to VDU (Video Display Unit) as an image.
urity measures to protect Departure Lounge/Aircraft Cabin. All Articles which can be used to commit an act of unlawful interference are prohibited to carry beyond this point.

Working Principle of Lian Scan-PX-107/PX-ACX 6.4


Working Principle of Lian Scan-PX-107/PX-ACX 6.4
As son as an object enter the inspection chamber and cut off the beam of infrared rays made by OSM (Optical Sensor Module) it is suddenly transmitted to System Control Board and System Control Board Command the X-Ray controller to turn the X-Rays on.
When X-Ray are turned on, it starts scanning the object some x-rays pass through the object , some are absorbed and some are scattered in different directions according to the density of object. After passing through the object , X-Rays are detected by LXDA (Liner x-Ray Detector Array/ Diode) board which converts these X-Rays signal into digital signal and send these signal to Main  Computer Memory  where after normalization and processing with the help of SVGA (Super Video Graphic Adopter) these signal are converted into video signals and sent to VDU (Video Display Unit) as an image.

Working Principle of Hi-Scan 6040-i/9075


Working Principle of Hi-Scan 6040-i/9075
As son as an object enter the inspection chamber and cut off the beam of infrared rays made by Light Barriers it is suddenly transmitted to System Control Board and System Control Board Command the X-Ray controller to turn the X-Rays on.
When X-Ray are turned on, it starts scanning the object some x-rays pass through the object , some are absorbed and some are scattered in different directions according to the density of object. After passing through the object , X-Rays are detected by LXDA (Liner x-Ray Detector Array/ Diode) board which converts these X-Rays signal into digital signal and send these signal to Hi-Trax Computer, where after normalization and processing with the help of SVGA (Super Video Graphic Adopter) these signal are converted into video signals and sent to VDU (Video Display Unit) as an image.

Working Principle of Astrophysics XIS-100-X/7858


Working Principle of Astrophysics XIS-100-X/7858
As son as an object enter the inspection chamber and cut off the beam of infrared rays made by PEC (Photo Emission Controller), it is suddenly transmitted to PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) and PLC Command the X-Ray controller to turn the X-Rays on.
When X-Ray are turned on, it starts scanning the object some x-rays pass through the object , some are absorbed and some are scattered in different directions according to the density of object. After passing through the object , X-Rays are detected by LXDA (Liner x-Ray Detector Array/ Diode) board which converts these X-Rays signal into analog signal and send these signal to Data Acquisition System (DAS) board , DAS board converts these analog signals into digital signal and sent these signal into man memory of computer where after normalization and processing with the help of SVGA (Super Video Graphic Adopter) these signal are converted into video signals and sent to VDU (Video Display Unit) as an image.
sup> Priority is weapon / ammunition to look for in an image.

Priorities at different Baggage Screening Check Points.


Priorities at different Baggage Screening Check Points.

1.            1st Hold Baggage Search Counter
1st Hold Baggage Search Counter measures to protect terminal building of Airports. At Airport this Point improvise Explosive Device is 1st Priority

2.            2nd Hold Baggage Search Counter
This check point is a security measures to protect Apron/ Aircraft. All Articles which can be harmful for the safety of Aircraft are prohibited beyond this point. 1st Priority is weapon / ammunition to look for in an image.

3.            Hand Baggage Search Counter
This check point is a security measures to protect Departure Lounge/Aircraft Cabin. All Articles which can be used to commit an act of unlawful interference are prohibited to carry beyond this point. 

Threat Classification


Threat Classification
While interpreting X-Ray images an image needs to be classified in following one of three categories.

1.       No Threat
If item and its contents pose no threat and containing no weapon, explosive device or any other threat object then it will be categorized No Threat.

2.       Potential Threat.
If items pr its contents pose a possible threat, something indicates that threat my be persent and needs to be examined further or operator cannot identify the object positively then it will be remedial action will be to refer the bag for manual /Physical Search.

3.       Oblivious threat
If clear threat exists and operator can clearly identify the threat object (Ammunition, weapons, IEDs) in an image, then it will be classified is oblivious threat.
Remedial action will be to call for assistance. 

CTP (Combine Test Piece)


CTP (Combine Test Piece)
 CTP is a tool recommended by the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) to check the performance of baggage X-ray Machines.
It consists of following 05x Tests.

1.       Wire resulation
a.       Single Wire Resolution. (To check the thin wire Imaging)
The requirement is to display 33 SWG wire not covered by step wedge. A tick should indicate the visibility of appropriate wire. A Set of un-insulated tinned copper wire of different size in SWG IS PLACED ON Perspex sheet. Wires are laid out in S shaped curves. The wires are placed behind varying thickness of aluminum. Metallic marker is used with high density material, so that SWG numbers in the Video Display Unit are clearly visible.
b.      Useful Penetration (Test No.1.b)
The test defines what level of detail can be seen behind a thickness of known material. The CTP has different gauges of wire behind varying thickness of aluminum. The requirement of this test is that the 25 SWG wire should be seen under second step wedge (5/16”)

2.       Material Discrimination Test (to check the colour Scheme)
The requirement is that different coloures should be allocated to the sample of organic, inorganic and metal substance. With multi energy X-Ray, it should be possible to distinguish between materials of different average atomic number for differentiating between organic, inorganic and metal substance. The use of sugar and salt samples encapsulated on the test piece and various materials used in the construction of CTP should check the material discrimination facility.

3.       Simple Penetration. (to check the powers of X-Rays)
The requirement is that lead should be visible beneath 24 mm of steel. This test defines what thickness of steel the machine is able to penetrate; the steel step wedge on the CTP has 07x steps of 2 mm form 12 mm to 24 mm with a lead strip to check that the machine is above or below the requirements.

4.       Horizontal & Vertical Spatial Resolution. (to check the edge trace)
The requirement of this test is that Vertical and Horizontal grating can be seen, this test defines the ability of the system to distinguish and display objects which are close together. The CTP has two sets of Vertical and Horizontal copper grating at right angles to each other.

5.       Thin Metal Imaging (to check the colour Scheme)
The requirement of this test is to image different shades of a thin metal. In this test 03x thin metal strips of different thickness are placed in a arrow. 1st is 0.05 mm thick 2nd 0.1 mm thick and 3rd is 0.15 mm thick.

Screening Standard is set by ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization)


Screener Standard
Screening Standard is set by ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization)
Section 4.1.1 of Annex-17 ICAO manual states:
“Each Contracting State shall establish measures to prevent weapons, explosive or any other dangerous devices , articles or substance , which may be used to commit an act unlawful interference , the carriage or bearing of which is not authorized , from being introduced by any means whatsoever , on board an aircraft engaged in civil aviation. 

IED (Improvised Explosive Device)


IED (Improvised Explosive Device)
A homemade Explosive Device, which can be easily concealed in an item of daily use apparently, seems and having, resemblance with its surrounding is called IED.

An IED Consists of 04x main components
                                 i.            Initiator /Igniter
                               ii.            Delay Device
                              iii.            Blasting Cap/ Detonator.
                             iv.            Main charge
IEDs Falls into following 03x categories
                                 i.            Packge Type IED
                               ii.            Vehicle Born IED (VBIED)
                              iii.            Personal-Born IED (PBIED)


Chain of Detonation/ Explosive Train


Chain of Detonation/ Explosive Train

Initiator /Igniter 
It is used initiate the detonation sequence e.g Flame, Friction, Striker, Chemical etc. 

Delay Device 
It is device to provide required delay. e.g safety fuse, clock, timer, switch, remote control, etc. Switches are four i.e Push Switch, Pull Switch, Push to release, Pull to Release Switch. 

Blasting Cap/ Detonator. 
A Detonator is a device , Consisting of primary high Explosive , used to trigger an explosive device. Detonator can be chemically, mechanically or electrically initiated, the latter two being the most common. Detonators are of two type i.e Electrical & non Electrical. 

Booster. 
When amount of main charge is very huge a booster is used between blasting Cap and main charge. Blasting Cap detonates the booster and then booster further detonates the main charge (For huge blast only other wise not required) 

Main charge 
Insensitive High Explosive or Secondary High Explosive Sometime mixed with low Explosive is used as Main Charge e.g TNT, RDX, PETN Dynamite etc.

Explosive


Explosive

It is a chemically unstable material which is when suitably initiated, change its chemical composition rearranging its molecules to become stable from an unstable structure, resulting intense pressure on its surrounding with a simultaneous evolution of great amount of heat and gases causing destruction.

i.                  









Low explosive

An explosive whose velocity of detonation is less than 331 m/s (Speed of Sound) is called low explosive. When initiated, chemical reaction is comparatively slow. Low explosive are mostly solid combustible materials that decomposed rapidly, but do not normally explode. This action is known as deflationary  Black powder, smoke powder, Gun powder and carbide are example of low explosive.




ii. High Explosive
An explosive whose velocity of detonation is more than 331 m/s (Speed of Sound) is called High explosive. . When initiated, chemical reaction is very fast. When initiated by a blow or shock, it decomposes almost instantaneously
TNT (Tri Nitro Toluene) RDX, (Research Departmental Explosive), C-4 (Composition-4), PETN (Penta  Erythritol Tetra Nitrate), NG (Nitro Glycerin), ANFO (Ammonium Nitro Fuel Oil), TATP (Tri Acetone Tri Per Oxide) SEMTEX (Plastic Explosive) High Explosive Further Divided into two Groups.

a. Primary High Explosive.

A Primary High Explosive is an explosive that is extremely to stimuli such as impact. Friction, heat static electricity or electromagnetic radiation. A relatively small amount of energy is required for initiation . e.g Lead Azide, Led Styphnate , Silver Azide, Mercury Fulminate, Mercury Nitride, Nitro Glycerin ,PETN. 






b. Secondary High Explosive 
A secondary High Explosive is less sensitive than a primary explosive and require substantially more energy to be initiated. Because they are less sensitive are usable in a wider variety of applications and are safer to handle and store. Secondary Explosive are used in larger quantities in an explosive train and are usually initiated by a smaller quantity of primary explosive. e.g TNT,RDX,C-4,SEMTEX.

Dangrous Goods.


Dangrous Goods.
Dagrous goods are defines as those goods which meet the criteria of one or more of nine United Nations Hazrads classes and where applicable , to ne of three united nation Packing Groups according to the provisions.
Dangrous goods are classified into 09x classes in accordance to the optional risk associated with them while transporting by Air.

1.       Explosive
2.       Gasses
3.       Flammable Liquid
4.       Flammable Solid
5.       Oxidizing Substance and organic per Oxides
6.       Toxic and infectious Substance
7.       Radio Active Material
8.       Corrosive
9.       Miscellanea Dangerous Goods.

Dangerous Goods are divided into 03x Unite Nation Packing Group.
1.       UN Packing Group-I        (To Pack the items presenting High Danger)
2.       UN Packing Group-II       (To Pack the items presenting Medium Danger)
3.       UN Packing Group-III     (To Pack the items presenting Low Danger)

Tip Threat Image Projection


Tip Threat Image Projection
TIP is software design to check the performance of baggage XIS operator .it projected different onto the screen and record the perception & reaction of an XIS operator towards potential threat it collect data and generates reports which are download on quarterly basis to evaluate the performance of XIS operator , recommended decision time into hit the TIP is 03 second (initial decision time) and 30 seconds secondary decision time.
TIP is divided into two categories:-

CTI Combine threat Image

When a fictional bag containing an fictional threat is projected onto the screen it is called CTI.CTI library contains guns, knives, bombs and other prohibitive materials.



FTI Finctional threat Image

When fictional threat as projected onto the screen during the scanning of a live bag it is called FTI.FTI library contains guns, knives, bombs and other prohibitive materials.


Baggage X-Ray Machine Line Scan PX-107



Baggage X-Ray Machine Line Scan PX-107
Ø  Made by L-3 Communication Ltd Coy USA
Ø  Hold Baggage Machine
Ø  This Machine has advance screen icons instead of regular keyboard button.
Ø  Touch pad works like a mouse of computer.
Ø  Fully Computerized Machine.
Ø  Operator can see zoom upto 16x time.
Ø  Screen Assist optional.
Ø  High density Alert optional.
Ø  This machine has reject icon used from touch pad to hit the TIP.
Ø  L-3 icon is Home or default image mode icon.
Ø  In Gray Scale mode we can see image in 240 shades of grey scale.
Ø  Reject Icon to Hit the TIP.
Ø Zoom for 16 time
Ø  Image saved in RAM are normally 200-250 bags but various in difreent machines from 50-250
Ø  Computerized Machine
Ø  Xplore key to use materials of Atomic number 7,8 and 9 in Red shade.

Baggage X-Ray Machine Astrophysics XIS-100-X/XIS-7858



Baggage X-Ray Machine Astrophysics XIS-100-X/XIS-7858

Ø  Made by Astrophysics USA
Ø  Hold Baggage Machine
Ø  Fan Shape Beam Technology is used
Ø  This Machine has two PEC (Photo Emission Controller)
Ø  This machine can Zoom upto 256 time
Ø  This Machine has touch pad and full alphabet keyboard
Ø  Image archive up to 50,000+baggage, depending upon storage device
Ø  DAS Data Acquisition System Board to convert analog Signals into to Digital Signal
Ø  P1 for OK Command
Ø  P2 for Cancel Command
Ø  P3 for Maintenance  Command
Ø  Mark key hit the TIP
Ø  Zoom for 16 time
Ø  Image saved in RAM are normally 200-250 bags but various in difreent machines from 50-250
Ø  Computerized Machine
Ø  Xplore key to use materials of Atomic number 7,8 and 9 in Red shade.

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